Bio-synthetic pheromones are produced by organic synthesis. Synthetic research in the field of steroids and hormones has two directions of development: the total synthesis of natural products and their analogues and search for ways to transform available natural steroids in practically important substances. As a result of these studies in the laboratory, there were extracted virtually all important representatives of this class of natural compounds, as well as their numerous analogues corresponding to almost all conceivable modifications of the basic structure.

For several decades, steroids and hormones remained among the most important objectives of organic synthesis.

Bio-synthesized pheromones – an opportunity to influence the behaviour of others

 

Through intensive research in this area it was not only possible to make available all steroid hormones for practical use in various industries, but also in large part  it was possible to clarify their mechanism of biological action. The social consequences of using the pheromones in practice are huge.

 

Synthetic sex attractants – substances that have the identical effect on others just like human pheromones. Synthetic analogues of pheromones are not less effective when compared with bio-synthesized pheromones, they increase the sexual desire in the opposite sex but do not affect the behaviour and psycho-emotional reaction of others.

 

Synthetic analogues of pheromones

 

Osmoferin – the synthetic pheromone, a substance that is identical in its effect on the surrounding as pheromone Copulin. It is used in the perfume industry.

Osmoferon – the synthetic pheromone, a substance that is identical in its effect on the surrounding as pheromone Androstenone. It is used in the perfume industry.

2-Acetylthiophene – the synthetic pheromone, a substance that is identical in its effect on the surrounding as pheromone Androstenol.

 

The main types of human pheromones

  • Androstenol (5α–androst–16–en–3α–ol)

  • Androstenone (5α–androst–16–en–3–one)

  • Androsterone (5α–androstan–3α–ol–17–one)

  • Copulin – defined mixture of short-chain organic acids

  • Androstadienone (androsta–4, 16–dien–3–one)

  • Estratetraenol (estra–1,3,5(10), 16–tetraen–3–ol)